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Ruth Towse: “Figuring it out: applying economics to copyright royalty rates for streamed music” - Working Paper No. 05-2020 July 2020 Music streaming burst into economists’ (and others’) consciousness with the Napster case. A few economists had written on copyright in the 1980s and a wider interest in the economics of digital production came from Shapiro and Varian’s book (albeit with little said on the role of copyright law). Still […]
Melanie Brown: “Exploring Article 8 of the Copyright Directive: Hope for Cultural Heritage” - Working Paper No. 04-2020 June 2020 Article 8 of the EU Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market addresses an issue that the cultural heritage sector has been struggling with for a long time: the exploitation of out of commerce works. Article 8(1) enables CHIs to agree non-exclusive licenses for non-commercial purposes with collective […]
Marcella Favale: “The role of the CJEU in the development of EU copyright law: an empirical experience” - Working Paper No. 03-2020 May 2020 The Court of Justice of the European Union has an undiscussed role in shaping EU Governance. Evidence-based policy has grown crucial to inform worldwide governance, and therefore demand for empirical studies is raising. However, empirical methods applied to legal reasoning are challenging, for the inherent nuanced nature of this […]
Maria Lillà Montagnani: “Virtues and Perils of Algorithmic Enforcement and Content Regulation in the EU – A Toolkit for a Balanced Algorithmic Copyright Enforcement” - Working Paper No. 02-2020 April 2020 Within the recent European policies and actions on illegal content, a trend towards algorithmic enforcement of content regulation has emerged. Regardless of the nature of the content, hard and soft law provisions more or less explicitly require online platforms to resort to technological systems to comply with the law. […]
Ruth Towse: “Dealing with Digital: Economic Organisation of Streamed Music” - Working Paper No. 01-2020 January 2020 The intervention of digital service providers (DSPs) or platforms such as Spotify, AppleMusic and Tidal supplying music streamed music has fundamentally altered the way that song-writers and recording artists are paid and the operation of copyright management organisations (CMOs). Platform economics has emerged from the economic analysis of two- […]


Maurizio Borghi: “Reconstructing fairness – The problem with fair use exclusivity” - Working Paper No. 04-2019 October 2019 Exemptions from copyright infringement play a pivotal role in the new digital economy. Tech companies rely heavily on fair use, fair dealing and other statutory exceptions, as well as on safe-harbour limitations of liability. For many businesses, the availability of a copyright exemption represents an asset that is as […]
Dinusha Mendis, “Fit for Purpose? 3D Printing and the Implications for Design Law: Opportunities and Challenges” - Working Paper No 03.2019 October 2019 Enforcement may become even more complex in the future with the emergence of 3D printing. This technology makes it easier to breach industrial designs and hence it is necessary to question exactly how rights will be enforced in the future … Enforcing infringement laws is likely to become a […]
Maurizio Borghi “Data portability and regulation of digital markets” - Working Paper No. 02-2019 September 2019 The new General Data Protection Regulation introduced the “right to portability of personal data”. Conceived to give effectiveness to individual interests, the regulation is at the same time a pro-competitive tool with important regulatory effects on digital markets. As a result of the extensive interpretation of “personal data” that […]
Roger Brownsword: “Informational Rights, Informational Wrongs, and Regulatory Responsibilities” - Working Paper No. 01-2019 January 2019 The basic idea of this positioning paper is to map the landscape of our informational interests and to evaluate a range of recognised and putative rights and wrongs associated with modern ‘information societies’. To a considerable extent, the rights and wrongs under consideration arise from the disruptive effects of […]